The visual extravaganza that films turn out to be, it is no wonder that film making is an elaborate process that which requires the working of different crafts in tandem. Specifically, a total of 24 crafts make up the most essential requirements of the workings of the film industry even as other sundry arts follow them up. In their numerous manifestations, here are the 24 crafts of the film industry that inevitably go into making every single film we so fuss about-
Every film is based on some story, that which is written and makes the script for it. Script narration is one of the primary and most fundamental tasks to filming since actors sign on films only if they like its storyline and the way it has been scripted. It is the script that determines the scope of the film, from actors to directors to musicians and choreographers and all involved, the script dictates what each one of the cast and crew needs to do. After all it is the requirements of the script that ropes in the cast and without a proper script writing session, no film can embark on its journey of being a full fledged presentation on screen.
Cast and Crew
The cast of a film refers to all the people who work in front of the camera while the crew involves the people working behind it. Basically everyone in the film making process make up for its cast and crew even when finalising the cast itself is one of the 24 crafts involved. It is the job of a casting director to seek out actors and artists who would most fit the characters and make the right choice based on screen tests and auditions.
The movie industry might be a money minting venture but the moolah is earned only when it is initially invested. To meet the requirements of such investment that cater to the charges of the cast and crew as well as to the expenses incurred in set building and location filming and publicity, production houses or producers pitch in with their money. Needless to say, production then is one of the starting point of the 24 crafts that rule the film industry.
No actor or actress, no matter how brilliant they might be in their craft can take credit for a film that stems first and foremost from direction. It of course is possible for the actor to don also the director’s hat but even in the singular presence, the approach for each craft is different. Direction is at least an exemplary an art as acting and takes immense effort in making films work. And not just guiding the cast and crew as to how to go about their role, a director also coordinates between each sections of the film making process to churn out a project that is the combined effect of all.
With a team of assistant directors and associate directors, the main director is responsible for extracting the best out of everyone involved in the film making process through engagement in any of its 24 crafts. Be it matters of artistic creativity in acting and storyline, technical soundness in editing and money smart in reaping maximum out of the allocated budget, the director is one of the foremost requirements for any film to be a success.
Just as etymologically cinema stems from cinematography so too in its art, film stems from this among the 24 crafts that is as important as the others. A film experience is rendered all the more enjoyable when the camera work is of excellent quality. The filming of any visual medium therefore is of immense importance when it comes to making the overall output work.
Afterall, a film that does not look good on screen will not find many viewers and therefore not be able to meet its purpose. The director might direct the film but it is the cinematographer who films it and makes it the aesthetic experience of the artistic that cinema tends to be. Within its wide fore that also explores exclusive segments like special effects that can prove so critical a factor in making hit films out of ordinary subjects, cinematography is another indispensable craft of film making.
The language of universality that music speaks, through which it directly appeals to the heart have made also musical manifestations an integral part of films. Many a times, the story of the film dwells partly in its music that which play an important role in building of the plot and the film itself. From making such music that through their apt setting in films stirs the emotion of the viewers and makes the entire cinematic experience an even more creative and resonant rendezvous for the audience, the team of musicians and singers and composers and music producers owes as much to the film’s success as does its actors and directors. Inarguably then, music comes right at the top among the 24 crafts that enrich the film making process.
While not all films might seem like the type of action movies that involves mind blowing stunts, movies generally still depict certain degrees of movement that is beyond the reach of the ordinary man. Even a simple jump that looks so effortless on screen can be really remarkable business and it is to the credit of stunt directors and stuntmen who make it look as if it is some action of everyday life. To this extent, stunt direction is another of the impeccable crafts among the 24 vitals of film making. Perfectly directed stunt sequences and action scenes many a times turns out to be the hallmark of films that attract audiences and also recognition based on such high power USP.
Films being the medium of an art, they work in tandem with several other arts of which dancing makes for a must mention. Songs and dance have forever characterised mainstream films and even such art ones that dwell in dancing through body language to evoke the emotion of the viewers. Choreography therefore is another of the vital crafts of films that which involves creating dance steps that either convey some aspects of the story or may purely serve entertainment purposes. Over the years, hook steps and signature steps of films have become exceedingly popular, that which spells in fact the very identity of the film. A definite crowd puller with the impeccable dance moves making for a double dose of entertainment as well, choreography and choreographers are as essential elements of film making as the film itself.
When it comes to actors and directors delivering their best, it also is the settings where the movie is filmed that plays an important role. Extravagant scenes require extravagant sets and not every scene can play out well in every environment. This is where art direction steps in as another of the 24 crafts uniquely essential to each film. From designing the set to ensuring that the locational setting is in line with the demands of the scene and the movie, art direction works on the visual aspect of movies to churn out a creative experience that entices with its every sphere of work.
One of the 24 crafts of film making that is creative as well as technical in its expanse is that of editing. In fact the most important part of the post production process, and that which makes any movie the logical sequence of shots that it is, is taken care of by film editors. It is only the excellence of the film editor that can lead to such a film being produced that immerse the viewer completely into it. Often referred to as the invisible art, editing involves creative mingling of shots in such technicality that every transition is as seamless and as smooth a process that leaves no scope for making out the edits. In fact, it is in being so subtle in the editing craft that makes the efiting department stand out when it comes to the filmy world.
While dubbing comes across as a concept exclusive to foreign language films, in reality it is yet another of the 24 crafts that every film making schedule is incomplete without. Because not all okay shots feature the perfect mannerism and pitch in dialogue delivery, post shoot dubbing becomes essential to make the film as flawless as possible. While actors do sometimes dub their own lines, often a time it also is a dubbing artist lending their voice to some character. In such capacity, dubbing is also an essential encompassment of the cinematic process.
As exclusive visual mediums that they tend to be, films also dwell in a very important visual rendition of the artistic. Much like cinematography, still photography is also one of the requisites of the film making process. A process underway during the shooting itself, much like the other 24 crafts, still photography is crucial in the film world in a different way. The various shots and captures obtained by the photographers find place in movie posters and other such promotional materials that go a long way in determining the box office collections of films.
As visual mediums of an art again, films live a bit too much in appearances. Not just in the aesthetics though, these appearances go also a long way in the actors sitting perfectly in sync with the characters they are portraying. Even in portraying emotions and looking a certain way, makeup plays a really versatile role. Either way therefore, makeup is one of the fun crafts among the 24 requirements that define the film making process.
Make up and costume works hand in hand when it comes to what they deal with in the world of films. Dressing a particular way helps give off the vibe of the characters being portrayed while of course creating fashion statements films are so pivotal in setting. Whether it be mainstream films or art ones, the costumes need to be in tandem with the nature of the character which makes the costume designing team replete with talented designers another crucial requirement of the movie industry.
Among the communication arts that find presence among the 24 crafts of film making is publicity designing. Especially in the competitive times of today, publicity is as important for a film as a good storyline. Publicity designing spans numerous reaches from poster designing to online promotion to media meetups to evaluating public response through which the pulse of the audience can be gauged and the movie be marketed as potentially entertaining and wholesome to them.
Despite being visual mediums, films also play through a wide range of the senses, including the auditory. As the importance of music in movies suggest, sound plays quite an extensive role in making cinema a more assertive medium of the arts. Even with actors, it isn’t only just their body language and emoting that makes them deliver a good film. Dialogues play as important a role in films as does silence in such scenes that ask for it. Audiography therefore is another of the 24 crafts that no film can ever do without. Audiographers and sound engineers work mainly on the three segments of dubbing, re recording and sound effects to make it more comprehensible to the audiences. From background scores to diction and speech, the pursuit of audiography is towards such ends that make every film a complete package in itself.
No matter how impeccable an actor the protagonist might be, it still is only the presence of the antagonist that lets this brilliant actor shine through. But while actors and even supporting actors are lauded for their histrionics, not much laurels make their way to the junior artistes who also are crucial to films. Junior artists basically happen to be all such people within the movie frame who make for fleeting appearances on screen. Be it the background dancers or the many that make up the crowds and enjoy no special relevance when it comes to the storyline, these people still form a part of the 24 crafts without which film making would never be possible.
Junior Artists Agents
Because junior artists inevitably fit the demand bill for most movies, they are coordinated by such agents known as junior artists agents. These agents or coordinators make arrangements for these artists to appear in movie scenes as and when required.
Light is a defining factor in films where emotions are played out in the degree of the prevailing lights and the shadows. Apart from such purely cinematic aspects, light also is crucial for films to retain their aesthetic appeal by making it a delightful experience to devour with the eyes. Much like cinematography therefore, lighting pans the work of the camera in filming to an extent that can make or break films. To adjust this requirement of lights, outdoor lightmen work round the clock on film sets making the necessary arrangements of lighting equipment and stuff.
Studio workers are the people who come to be generally involved in movies under the art director. Different crafts like moulding, painting, carpenting etc find work in the film making process as part of its 24 requirements. These are the people who help the sets to find expression in the way the art director had envisioned it in requirement of the demands of the script and the director. The spectacular film settings that become tourist attractions in themselves would not be possible without the involvement of the studio workers.
While the film producer is one who puts his money in the project, the production executive is one who is in charge of it. From supervising the allocation of money to meet all requirements to securing permission for outdoor shooting to overseeing production also from the technical perspective, a production executive’s job encompasses all aspects of film making.
Production assistants are the people who run errands on the sets of movies, as does set assistants or the set boys. From office assistants who handle phones and deliveries and scripts to set assistants who ensures that the shoot is not cut short due to external disturbances, these are the people involved in production in different capacities all through the film making process.
Outdoor Unit Technicians
Given how film making is a much a technical process as it is creative, people involved in the many crafts of technique find their presence among the 24 indispensable parts of it. Outdoor unit technicians, as the name suggests, are such people who look after the technical aspects of outdoor shooting. These range from camera assistants who handle the camera when it is not in use to electricians who ensure the uninterrupted supply of power and also such people who are entrusted with the security of the entire film unit.
Because the film unit is one huge setting that involves so many people, it also requires such production women who attend to everyone involved in the film making process. They perform all the cleaning work in the shoot premises under the direction of the production assistants and are therefore also known as cleaners.