Tourism might have taken a backseat in the circumstances of the current times but the tourism industry is one forever evolving and emerging concept. Because travel agendas are way too common encounters, tourism has always been a socially viable style of living. With more and more people choosing travel experiences of their own over receiving travel souvenirs, tourism is very much a buzzword. But while the travel goals that sustains tourism as an industry is widely explored, there are other niche manifestations of this life avenue that go beyond mere wanderlust. Here’s explaining 10 different types of tourism that will change the ways you thought you can travel around the world-
Quite disturbing a notion when we explore the fantasies of a world trip and land up straight in the hands of death, isn’t it? But suicide tourism is indeed a reality and one that is a stark contrast to the aspirational wanderlust dreams of the travel frenzied. Suicide tourism refers to people contemplating suicide travelling to other parts of the world in order to end their life.
Also called euthanasia tourism, it involves people committing suicide or assisted suicide by travelling to such countries where euthanasia rules are relatively relaxed. The prospect herein is quite frightening though. Less popular but equally disturbing an idea behind the emergence of suicide acts as a fad in the tourism scenario is that some suicidal minds do also want to live their final moments with some idyllic tourist destination as a backdrop.
A big hit in the tourism scene in the recent times, culinary tourism however isn’t exactly a new fad. With local cuisine and exotic food already arousing interest of most travelers, it was only a matter of time before this form of tourism acquired an identity of its own. Culinary tourists however travel exclusively for the love of all things food. From experiencing the best cuisines in the world to going in- depth about unique cooking techniques, relishing authentic flavors to exploring indigenous ingredients and most distinctively partaking of cooking classes for a first hand account of how it feels to be cooking the food not native to oneself, culinary tourism is every true foodie’s dream detour.
Despite the seemingly bizarre premise on which it operates, birth tourism isn’t a recent phenomenon. Quite evidently, birth tourism or maternity tourism involves travelling to foreign lands to give birth. The reasons behind are obviously an access to citizenship of those foreign lands. While other factors like better lifestyle and life opportunities are also determining agents of birth tourism. Interestingly, in such cases where the birth of a baby in a foreign land also grants its parents citizenship of the country, the baby is known as an anchor baby. Unsurprisingly, birth tourism is prevalent in such lands that grant citizenship on birth which means Europe isn’t a favourable destination. It is mainly the American countries that are booming hotspots for the birth tourism industry.
Set- jetting Tourism
Probably the most exciting avenue of tourism in present times is the one popular as set jetting. As the name suggests, set jetting refers to travelling to such places that are famous movie destinations. A relatively new trend, set jetting or location vacationing is a form of tourism that draws upon popular cultural references that might not have been typically touristry otherwise and is therefore an offbeat experience.
A special manifestation of set jetting tourism appears in another of the types in the modern tourism industry. Popular as Tolkien tourism, this tourism specimen specific particularly to New Zealand is a derivation of the immense cultural impact that the popular Lord of the Rings have had on the public psyche. Be it the fictional Lord of the Rings planet or the many other sites of importance as per the books, Tolkien tourism sure has New Zealand attain a distinctive listing on the niche tourism horizon. Even the United Kingdom is a honourable presence in the sphere of Tolkien Tourism.
Booze cruise or Booze tourism is travel diaries pertaining to the love of booze alright but with some hindsight. This type of tourism is an emergence of the practice of legally buying alcohol in bulk at cheap rates elsewhere and bringing them home where the prices are high. Generally a British colloquialism that involves the booze cruise from Britain to France or Belgium, this form however also runs along universally. The notation however undergoes a tad bit diversification. Specifically pertaining to American countries, booze cruise can refer to a pleasure outing involving a significant amount of drinking. Even an outing to purchase large amounts of alcohol in bulk classify as booze tourism. Whatever may be the connotation, the basic premise remains the same- tourism motivated by the binge of booze.
In its very essence, halal tourism doesn’t sound like one that is one of the fastest growing segments of all. But this very distinctive form of tourism indeed is reshaping the global tourism industry. Halal tourism might not be an encompassment of religious tourism at its core. Yet it is typically restrictive to Muslim travelers and of course those beyond the clan who want to live the experience of it. This touristry experience is sans without your ‘regular luxuries’. From pork to alcohol, everything that is not permitted under the purview of Islam does not characterise halal tourism. Strictly halal food and non compromising ritualistic facilities are at the core of the halal demands. Gambling and nudity are off limits, as is pork and liquor. Needless to say, halal tourism is a very unique type of tourism- luxurious within the strict limits of Islamic tradition.
A cultural phenomenon much like culinary tourism, fashion tourism does what it explicitly states. Unsurprisingly therefore, despite is emergence as a separate segment of tourism in modern times, fashion tourism is in fact a fifteenth century development. At the heart of the fashion tourism industry therefore lies the importance of fashion in life. Venturing into spaces outside one’s own with the sole motive to experiment and enjoy fashion and style is what fashion tourism is all about.
A global industry in itself, fashion is an universal concept- evolving and enduring. It is this non static essence of fashion that makes every place resplendent in its own fashion identity. Fashion tourism involves understanding these unique fashion sensibilities and making them our own. Be it through shopping festivals or fashion shows, fashion tourism helps market local fashion for it to grow. Shopping anyway has always been a prime tourist activity. And to emblazon it in the greater realm of fashion is what has helped spin a touristy appeal of it.
Call it ghetto tourism or slum tourism, the underlying premise here is the dwellings of poverty native to cities. But even when these terms are used interchangeably, there remains a fundamental distinction eked out of it. While slum tourism quite evidently speaks of visits to slums and sounds disdainly, ghetto tourism is more a cultural concept. Basically explored as destinations that heralded new cultural evolutions, ghettos were raved about because of the talent inhabiting them. Hip hop music and dance in particular saw its origins in these ghettos, thereby lending them a peculiar distinction. Whatever that might be, in more popular reference, ghetto or slum tourism involves touristification of non touristry areas, perhaps to ironically eke out revenue even out of impoverished areas. The famed favelas of Brazil is a classic example of touristification of slums and therefore of ghetto tourism.
Travelling to former or even active war zones is what war tourism encompasses in its fold. While early war tourism was the staple of war journalism, moderns times have seen mostly adventurous souls also seek out the thrill of conflict. Alternatively and less accurately though, war journalism can also mean touristry pursuits in dangerous or forbidden places. This definitely is a form of tourism arising out of the demands of the high on adrenaline junkies.
Dark tourism or black tourism isn’t something particularly recent even when it only found expression in popular touristy parlance in the modern times. Also called morbid or grief tourism, this form has death and tragedy as underlying themes that drive people to travel. Historical places that have been the sites of mass deaths or carry macabre essence form the hotspots for dark tourism. Even occasional evokings of the afterlife are defining elements of this form of tourism, also called thanatourism. Natural disasters that claimed multiple lives also come under the purview of dark tourism even when disaster tourism exists as a different shade in the touristry spectrum.
While dark tourism might not be an entirely cultural phenomenon, it can indeed be part attributed to it. It derives partly from human nature that will wallow at grief and will yet never leave any opportunity to poke into wounds. It also derives equivalently from how these dark places are presented through popular cultural references. Either way, dark tourism continues to see the light of day.